DummyClassifier#

class DummyClassifier(strategy='prior', random_state=None, constant=None)[source]#

DummyClassifier makes predictions that ignore the input features.

This classifier serves as a simple baseline to compare against other more complex classifiers. The specific behavior of the baseline is selected with the strategy parameter.

All strategies make predictions that ignore the input feature values passed as the X argument to fit and predict. The predictions, however, typically depend on values observed in the y parameter passed to fit.

Function-identical to sklearn.dummy.DummyClassifier, which is called inside.

Parameters
strategy{“most_frequent”, “prior”, “stratified”, “uniform”, “constant”}, default=”prior”

Strategy to use to generate predictions. * “most_frequent”: the predict method always returns the most

frequent class label in the observed y argument passed to fit. The predict_proba method returns the matching one-hot encoded vector.

  • “prior”: the predict method always returns the most frequent class label in the observed y argument passed to fit (like “most_frequent”). predict_proba always returns the empirical class distribution of y also known as the empirical class prior distribution.

  • “stratified”: the predict_proba method randomly samples one-hot vectors from a multinomial distribution parametrized by the empirical class prior probabilities. The predict method returns the class label which got probability one in the one-hot vector of predict_proba. Each sampled row of both methods is therefore independent and identically distributed.

  • “uniform”: generates predictions uniformly at random from the list of unique classes observed in y, i.e. each class has equal probability.

  • “constant”: always predicts a constant label that is provided by the user. This is useful for metrics that evaluate a non-majority class.

random_stateint, RandomState instance or None, default=None

Controls the randomness to generate the predictions when strategy='stratified' or strategy='uniform'. Pass an int for reproducible output across multiple function calls. See Glossary.

constantint or str or array-like of shape (n_outputs,), default=None

The explicit constant as predicted by the “constant” strategy. This parameter is useful only for the “constant” strategy.

Attributes
is_fitted

Whether fit has been called.

Methods

check_is_fitted()

Check if the estimator has been fitted.

clone()

Obtain a clone of the object with same hyper-parameters.

clone_tags(estimator[, tag_names])

clone/mirror tags from another estimator as dynamic override.

create_test_instance([parameter_set])

Construct Estimator instance if possible.

create_test_instances_and_names([parameter_set])

Create list of all test instances and a list of names for them.

fit(X, y)

Fit time series classifier to training data.

fit_predict(X, y[, cv, change_state])

Fit and predict labels for sequences in X.

fit_predict_proba(X, y[, cv, change_state])

Fit and predict labels probabilities for sequences in X.

get_class_tag(tag_name[, tag_value_default])

Get tag value from estimator class (only class tags).

get_class_tags()

Get class tags from estimator class and all its parent classes.

get_fitted_params()

Get fitted parameters.

get_param_defaults()

Get parameter defaults for the object.

get_param_names()

Get parameter names for the object.

get_params([deep])

Get parameters for this estimator.

get_tag(tag_name[, tag_value_default, …])

Get tag value from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

get_tags()

Get tags from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

get_test_params([parameter_set])

Return testing parameter settings for the estimator.

is_composite()

Check if the object is composite.

predict(X)

Predicts labels for sequences in X.

predict_proba(X)

Predicts labels probabilities for sequences in X.

reset()

Reset the object to a clean post-init state.

score(X, y)

Scores predicted labels against ground truth labels on X.

set_params(**params)

Set the parameters of this object.

set_tags(**tag_dict)

Set dynamic tags to given values.

check_is_fitted()[source]#

Check if the estimator has been fitted.

Raises
NotFittedError

If the estimator has not been fitted yet.

clone()[source]#

Obtain a clone of the object with same hyper-parameters.

A clone is a different object without shared references, in post-init state. This function is equivalent to returning sklearn.clone of self. Equal in value to type(self)(**self.get_params(deep=False)).

Returns
instance of type(self), clone of self (see above)
clone_tags(estimator, tag_names=None)[source]#

clone/mirror tags from another estimator as dynamic override.

Parameters
estimatorestimator inheriting from :class:BaseEstimator
tag_namesstr or list of str, default = None

Names of tags to clone. If None then all tags in estimator are used as tag_names.

Returns
Self

Reference to self.

Notes

Changes object state by setting tag values in tag_set from estimator as dynamic tags in self.

classmethod create_test_instance(parameter_set='default')[source]#

Construct Estimator instance if possible.

Parameters
parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

Returns
instanceinstance of the class with default parameters

Notes

get_test_params can return dict or list of dict. This function takes first or single dict that get_test_params returns, and constructs the object with that.

classmethod create_test_instances_and_names(parameter_set='default')[source]#

Create list of all test instances and a list of names for them.

Parameters
parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

Returns
objslist of instances of cls

i-th instance is cls(**cls.get_test_params()[i])

nameslist of str, same length as objs

i-th element is name of i-th instance of obj in tests convention is {cls.__name__}-{i} if more than one instance otherwise {cls.__name__}

parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set.

fit(X, y)[source]#

Fit time series classifier to training data.

Parameters
X3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length]

or 2D np.array (univariate, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, series_length]

or pd.DataFrame with each column a dimension, each cell a pd.Series

(any number of dimensions, equal or unequal length series)

or of any other supported Panel mtype

for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

y1D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances] - class labels for fitting

indices correspond to instance indices in X

Returns
selfReference to self.

Notes

Changes state by creating a fitted model that updates attributes ending in “_” and sets is_fitted flag to True.

fit_predict(X, y, cv=None, change_state=True) numpy.ndarray[source]#

Fit and predict labels for sequences in X.

Convenience method to produce in-sample predictions and cross-validated out-of-sample predictions.

Writes to self, if change_state=True:

Sets self.is_fitted to True. Sets fitted model attributes ending in “_”.

Does not update state if change_state=False.

Parameters
X3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length]

or 2D np.array (univariate, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, series_length]

or pd.DataFrame with each column a dimension, each cell a pd.Series

(any number of dimensions, equal or unequal length series)

or of any other supported Panel mtype

for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

y1D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances] - class labels for fitting

indices correspond to instance indices in X

cvNone, int, or sklearn cross-validation object, optional, default=None

None : predictions are in-sample, equivalent to fit(X, y).predict(X) cv : predictions are equivalent to fit(X_train, y_train).predict(X_test)

where multiple X_train, y_train, X_test are obtained from cv folds returned y is union over all test fold predictions cv test folds must be non-intersecting

intequivalent to cv=KFold(cv, shuffle=True, random_state=x),

i.e., k-fold cross-validation predictions out-of-sample random_state x is taken from self if exists, otherwise x=None

change_statebool, optional (default=True)
if False, will not change the state of the classifier,

i.e., fit/predict sequence is run with a copy, self does not change

if True, will fit self to the full X and y,

end state will be equivalent to running fit(X, y)

Returns
y1D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances] - predicted class labels

indices correspond to instance indices in X if cv is passed, -1 indicates entries not seen in union of test sets

fit_predict_proba(X, y, cv=None, change_state=True) numpy.ndarray[source]#

Fit and predict labels probabilities for sequences in X.

Convenience method to produce in-sample predictions and cross-validated out-of-sample predictions.

Parameters
X3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length]

or 2D np.array (univariate, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, series_length]

or pd.DataFrame with each column a dimension, each cell a pd.Series

(any number of dimensions, equal or unequal length series)

or of any other supported Panel mtype

for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

y1D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances] - class labels for fitting

indices correspond to instance indices in X

cvNone, int, or sklearn cross-validation object, optional, default=None

None : predictions are in-sample, equivalent to fit(X, y).predict(X) cv : predictions are equivalent to fit(X_train, y_train).predict(X_test)

where multiple X_train, y_train, X_test are obtained from cv folds returned y is union over all test fold predictions cv test folds must be non-intersecting

int : equivalent to cv=Kfold(int), i.e., k-fold cross-validation predictions

change_statebool, optional (default=True)
if False, will not change the state of the classifier,

i.e., fit/predict sequence is run with a copy, self does not change

if True, will fit self to the full X and y,

end state will be equivalent to running fit(X, y)

Returns
y2D array of shape [n_instances, n_classes] - predicted class probabilities

1st dimension indices correspond to instance indices in X 2nd dimension indices correspond to possible labels (integers) (i, j)-th entry is predictive probability that i-th instance is of class j

classmethod get_class_tag(tag_name, tag_value_default=None)[source]#

Get tag value from estimator class (only class tags).

Parameters
tag_namestr

Name of tag value.

tag_value_defaultany type

Default/fallback value if tag is not found.

Returns
tag_value

Value of the tag_name tag in self. If not found, returns tag_value_default.

classmethod get_class_tags()[source]#

Get class tags from estimator class and all its parent classes.

Returns
collected_tagsdict

Dictionary of tag name : tag value pairs. Collected from _tags class attribute via nested inheritance. NOT overridden by dynamic tags set by set_tags or mirror_tags.

get_fitted_params()[source]#

Get fitted parameters.

State required:

Requires state to be “fitted”.

Returns
fitted_paramsdict of fitted parameters, keys are str names of parameters

parameters of components are indexed as [componentname]__[paramname]

classmethod get_param_defaults()[source]#

Get parameter defaults for the object.

Returns
default_dict: dict with str keys

keys are all parameters of cls that have a default defined in __init__ values are the defaults, as defined in __init__

classmethod get_param_names()[source]#

Get parameter names for the object.

Returns
param_names: list of str, alphabetically sorted list of parameter names of cls
get_params(deep=True)[source]#

Get parameters for this estimator.

Parameters
deepbool, default=True

If True, will return the parameters for this estimator and contained subobjects that are estimators.

Returns
paramsdict

Parameter names mapped to their values.

get_tag(tag_name, tag_value_default=None, raise_error=True)[source]#

Get tag value from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

Parameters
tag_namestr

Name of tag to be retrieved

tag_value_defaultany type, optional; default=None

Default/fallback value if tag is not found

raise_errorbool

whether a ValueError is raised when the tag is not found

Returns
tag_value

Value of the tag_name tag in self. If not found, returns an error if raise_error is True, otherwise it returns tag_value_default.

Raises
ValueError if raise_error is True i.e. if tag_name is not in self.get_tags(
).keys()
get_tags()[source]#

Get tags from estimator class and dynamic tag overrides.

Returns
collected_tagsdict

Dictionary of tag name : tag value pairs. Collected from _tags class attribute via nested inheritance and then any overrides and new tags from _tags_dynamic object attribute.

classmethod get_test_params(parameter_set='default')[source]#

Return testing parameter settings for the estimator.

Parameters
parameter_setstr, default=”default”

Name of the set of test parameters to return, for use in tests. If no special parameters are defined for a value, will return “default” set. For classifiers, a “default” set of parameters should be provided for general testing, and a “results_comparison” set for comparing against previously recorded results if the general set does not produce suitable probabilities to compare against.

Returns
paramsdict or list of dict, default={}

Parameters to create testing instances of the class. Each dict are parameters to construct an “interesting” test instance, i.e., MyClass(**params) or MyClass(**params[i]) creates a valid test instance. create_test_instance uses the first (or only) dictionary in params.

is_composite()[source]#

Check if the object is composite.

A composite object is an object which contains objects, as parameters. Called on an instance, since this may differ by instance.

Returns
composite: bool, whether self contains a parameter which is BaseObject
property is_fitted[source]#

Whether fit has been called.

predict(X) numpy.ndarray[source]#

Predicts labels for sequences in X.

Parameters
X3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length]

or 2D np.array (univariate, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, series_length]

or pd.DataFrame with each column a dimension, each cell a pd.Series

(any number of dimensions, equal or unequal length series)

or of any other supported Panel mtype

for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

Returns
y1D np.array of int, of shape [n_instances] - predicted class labels

indices correspond to instance indices in X

predict_proba(X) numpy.ndarray[source]#

Predicts labels probabilities for sequences in X.

Parameters
X3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length]

or 2D np.array (univariate, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, series_length]

or pd.DataFrame with each column a dimension, each cell a pd.Series

(any number of dimensions, equal or unequal length series)

or of any other supported Panel mtype

for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

Returns
y2D array of shape [n_instances, n_classes] - predicted class probabilities

1st dimension indices correspond to instance indices in X 2nd dimension indices correspond to possible labels (integers) (i, j)-th entry is predictive probability that i-th instance is of class j

reset()[source]#

Reset the object to a clean post-init state.

Equivalent to sklearn.clone but overwrites self. After self.reset() call, self is equal in value to type(self)(**self.get_params(deep=False))

Detail behaviour: removes any object attributes, except:

hyper-parameters = arguments of __init__ object attributes containing double-underscores, i.e., the string “__”

runs __init__ with current values of hyper-parameters (result of get_params)

Not affected by the reset are: object attributes containing double-underscores class and object methods, class attributes

score(X, y) float[source]#

Scores predicted labels against ground truth labels on X.

Parameters
X3D np.array (any number of dimensions, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, n_dimensions, series_length]

or 2D np.array (univariate, equal length series)

of shape [n_instances, series_length]

or pd.DataFrame with each column a dimension, each cell a pd.Series

(any number of dimensions, equal or unequal length series)

or of any other supported Panel mtype

for list of mtypes, see datatypes.SCITYPE_REGISTER for specifications, see examples/AA_datatypes_and_datasets.ipynb

y1D np.ndarray of int, of shape [n_instances] - class labels (ground truth)

indices correspond to instance indices in X

Returns
float, accuracy score of predict(X) vs y
set_params(**params)[source]#

Set the parameters of this object.

The method works on simple estimators as well as on nested objects. The latter have parameters of the form <component>__<parameter> so that it’s possible to update each component of a nested object.

Parameters
**paramsdict

BaseObject parameters

Returns
selfreference to self (after parameters have been set)
set_tags(**tag_dict)[source]#

Set dynamic tags to given values.

Parameters
tag_dictdict

Dictionary of tag name : tag value pairs.

Returns
Self

Reference to self.

Notes

Changes object state by settting tag values in tag_dict as dynamic tags in self.